The Japanese government will oblige automakers to equip new cars with systems for controlling the space behind cars by default. Rear view cameras and parking sensors will become mandatory from May 2022.
The new requirement will apply to all new vehicles that go on sale after May 2022, with the exception of motorcycles and special vehicles. At the same time, manufacturers will be able to continue production of existing models without standard rear-view cameras until May 2024. After this period, no car can be allowed for sale if it does not have such equipment from the factory, the Asahi Shimbum newspaper reported, citing the Japanese Ministry of Transport.
The camera should have a working range of 0.3 to 3.5 meters, and ultrasonic parking sensors – from 0.2 to 1 m. Such a system should be able to detect poles 0.8 meters high (taking into account the height child) standing behind the vehicle.
The reason for the tightening of requirements for car certification was the frequent collision of cars with pedestrians when moving back. One of the most famous and tragic incidents happened in 2015 when the visually impaired Eiji Yamahashi and his guide dog were run over by a dump truck. In 2020, there were 16,400 such accidents with victims in Japan, 56 people died.
We add that in the United States, rear view cameras became mandatory for new cars in 2018.