American scientists have trained a robot to disassemble and dispose of all battery components of electric vehicles. The robot handles all types of batteries.
A special robotic installation was developed by specialists from the Oak Ridge laboratory of the US Department of Energy. The robot disassembles expired traction batteries of electric vehicles ten times faster than factory workers can do it by hand.
The manipulator with the control unit connected to it has been trained in several operations. The simplest is the dismantling of individual whole blocks for their reuse. A deeper level of disassembly allows separating the cells themselves element by element and even separating all rare earth metals separately – cobalt, lithium, etc.
It is interesting that the robot was not created from scratch. Prior to that, he helped recycle computer hard drives and removed neodymium magnets from them, and with the new software he mastered the disassembly of batteries.
The developers of the new technology are confident that in the coming years they will be able to make their invention serial, because no other mass and simple solutions have yet been proposed for recycling and reusing batteries that have served their life.
For example, Tesla recently demonstrated its development, but it can only disassemble batteries of one standard – while the Oak Ridge laboratory robot handles all types of batteries.