Very little time has passed since the start of 2020, and global change in the Ukrainian car market is not expected. But the market of the European Union — quite the contrary. 2020 is the year of the introduction of new emissions standards for internal combustion engines. What’s up with the 95 g/km of CO2 for passenger cars? And why is it so important?
Automakers in the EU are required to comply with emission standards established by the European Parliament and the Commission. Otherwise, for each (!) individual car companies will get a penalty. Is it a big fine? Judge for yourself, 95 Euro per gram exceeded. That is, for example, if manufactured in 2020 the car will throw a 115 g/km of CO2, the company is obliged to pay 1900 Euro fine. And so, with each instance separately. And the total amount of penalties, if the car will continue to throw the same as before, is equal to about 33 billion euros. The reason to think.
In 2018 the average CO2 emissions of new cars to 120 g/km. That is about “average” new car need to make more economical by 21%. And it’s really difficult. Are there workarounds “loopholes” for companies, automakers? There is, but only for now.
First, not all 100, and 95% of new cars will have to fit into the norm of 95 g/km. This transition period will act exactly one year, until 2021. Perhaps it will enable companies to extend the most “dirty” your life at least a little.
Second, there are benefits (the so-called super-credits) for making vehicles with low emissions. Low emissions is equal to or less than 50 g/km. In fact, under it get only hybrids and electric cars. That is, if cars with internal combustion engines some of the companies are not yet ready to meet the new rules, the system can “appease” the production of hybrids or “trains”. But to operate this approach would be only in the years 2020-2022.
Thirdly, the involved and the weight ratio of the car. If the car weighs more from the average value, for each additional 100 kg can release the car to add more of 3.33 g/km.
It is possible, at least during the transition phase 2020-2022 years, diesel engines will indeed become a real alternative to petrol units larger. After all, CO2 emissions, for example, the Golf Sportsvan equal to 120 g/km and for petrol the 1.5-liter turbo engine, and in the case of the 2.0-litre turbodiesel. A number of forces equal to — 150, but the torque from the TDI, of course, more — 340 vs the 250.
Also evident is the fact that the “charged” versions of some models will increasingly be equipped with engine with a smaller amount (gasoline or diesel, both of which are now successfully practicing) and electric “makeweight” with increasing performance.
But the big question is. If the European consumer for such number of electric cars and hybrids? Because they are more expensive to produce than cars with internal combustion engines, consequently, more expensive the final price. Not to mention the infrastructure that must not only be available but also to ensure the increased demand for electricity.